Human microbiota consists in trillions of symbiotic microbial organisms that live in the human body. They can be found throughout the human body, including the gut, brain, ear, skin, nose, the oral, gastrointestinal, respiratory, urinary and vaginal tracts and the bloodstream.
The human microbiome refers to the collective genomes of the human microbiota, namely protozoa, arhaea, eukaryotes, viruses and predominantly bacteria that live symbiotically on and within various sites of the human body
The human microbiome is unique as a person’s fingerprint. However, is a dynamic system that changes over the course of a person’s life, particularly during a person’s infancy and early childhood. Environmental factors and lifestyle habits also determine the composition of person’s microbiome. Antibiotics consumption also affects the microbiome.
The last decade has seen a large increase in research about the community of microorganisms that live in our gut, called the gut microbiome.
The gut microbiome, refers to the microbial community located in the lower part of the large intestine as stool is being used for the measurement.
Research has found that the stool microbiome of individuals with a variety of physical and mental disorders is different compared to healthy people, indicating it can be a useful measure of general health.
Additionally, research has shown that our gut microbiome plays an important role in our health through the production of various metabolites (break down products from the food microbes use for growth) that interact with our body.
Due to developments in medical technology and computing power over the past decade, gut microbiome analysis can be efficient and highly detailed.
With advanced DNA sequencing technology called metagenomics, it is possible to identify the genes in a microorganism and understand for example which metabolites they have the potential to produce.
In partnership with a qualified healthcare professional a gut microbiome analysis report outlining the balance of your gut microbiome and its potential to produce health-associated substances can be a valuable tool. With this information your healthcare professional can assist you to make relevant changes to your daily food intake and lifestyle to get back or maintain your microbiome into the healthy range.
Mariame Iraki did several trainings in this area and is qualified to help you understand your gut microbiome analysis and make the relevant changes to your diet accordingly.
References and recommended websites:
Probiotic advisor: https://www.probioticadvisor.com/
Microba gut microbiome analysis: https://www.microba.com/